Tire tips and maintenance
Your tires are the only parts of your vehicle that actually touch the road when you drive. It takes only a couple of minutes of maintenance each month to keep your tires working at their best.
Check your air pressure once a month
Incorrect air pressure is the leading cause of tire damage. To avoid tire damage, you need to check your air pressure once a month.
The correct tire pressure can be found in the following places:
- Owners manual
- Gas tank lid
- Driver’s side door’s edge
- Door post
The air pressure listed on the side of your tire is not the correct air pressure for your vehicle. That number is the maximum air pressure for the tire. Remember to check the air in your spare tire.
Don’t get stranded or put out costly towing expenses. Check your air pressure on your spare regularly. Note: If you have rims different from those that came on your vehicle originally, make sure that the bolts on your spare tire are the correct fitting.
Failure to keep your tires properly inflated can increase wear and will have a negative effect on vehicle handling.
When checking and adjusting tire pressure, the following should be kept in mind:
- Check the air pressure when the tire is cold—tires become hot even after driving just a mile. If you must drive to add air, check your air pressure before you leave. Air pressure changes 1 to 2 pounds for every 10 degrees of temperature change. Air pressure goes up in warm weather and down in cold weather.
- Tire pressure must be the same on the tires of each axle, but may be different on the front and rear axle.
- Valve caps must be tightly closed to protect the valve from dust and dirt and to prevent air from leaking.
- Replace missing valve caps without delay.
Take this opportunity to inspect your tires to make sure nothing is stuck in them and to ensure that they have no deformities.
To prevent hydroplaning and skidding, your tires must have proper tread depth. The minimum tread depth is 1/16th of an inch.
Ask anyone, the easiest way to check your tread depth is the penny test. What’s the penny test? Take a penny and place it in the tread of your tire. If part of Lincoln’s head is covered by the tread, your tires have enough tread. If you can see Lincoln’s entire head, you should buy a new tire.
You should also check your tire tread for uneven wear. Irregular wear shortens the life of your tires. If you think you have uneven wear, you should take your vehicle to your tire dealer.
The best way to prevent uneven wear is to have your tires rotated every 5,000 to 7,000 miles, or as specified in your owners manual.
Potential tire troubles
- Curbs can prove to be big trouble to your tires. Approach curbs with care. If you drive over curbs too fast or at the wrong angle, the impact may cause the tire to crack.
- Avoid potholes or debris in the road when possible.
- Avoid fast stops and starts.
- Be sure to check your owners manual for your vehicle’s maximum load. Overloading your vehicle can shorten the life of your tires.
Replacing your tires
You should replace your tires with the same type of tires that were original equipment on your vehicle. This includes tire size, type, and speed rating.